15 | 07 | 2018
Ai - Harmony; a blending of forces.
Aiki - The blending of energy; harmonizing with an attacking energy, giving way to it in order to control it.
Aikido - A martial art derived from Daitoryu Aikijutsu, founded by Morihei Ueshiba in the early part of the 1900's.
Aiki(ju)jutsu - A martial art developed for warfare in about 1185 A.D. by Minomoto Yoshimitsu, its central theme being the use of an attacker's energy against them.
Atemi - Lit. "percussion"; an strike delivered to disable or disorient an attacker.
Bu - Martial; referring to something military in nature or application, namely having to do with the samurai.
Bu(shi)do - Lit. "way of the warrior"; this is any system of martial arts developed and used on the battlefields of feudal Japan involving samurai.
Chi - Earth.
Dan/Kyu - The ranking system of most modern forms of Budo. Ranks are divided into two categories. The first category is called the Mudansha, meaning "holding no level". It is made up of "grades" of beginners called kyu. These grades are counted backwards.
  • Rokyu - 6th grade (white belt)
  • Gokyu - 5th grade (white belt)
  • Yonkyu - 4th grade (green belt)
  • Sankyu - 3rd grade (green belt)
  • Nikyu - 2nd grade (brown belt)
  • Ikkyu - 1st grade (brown belt)

The other category is called the Yudansha, or "holding a level". It is made up of "levels" of devoted disciples called dan. These levels are counted from one to ten.

  • Shodan - Initial level (black belt)
  • Nidan - 2nd level (black belt)
  • Sandan - 3rd level (black belt)
  • Yondan - 4th level (black belt)
  • Godan - 5th level (black belt)
  • Rokudan - 6th level (red/white belt)
  • Shichidan - 7th level (red/white belt)
  • Hachidan - 8th level (red/white belt)
  • Kudan - 9th level (red/black belt)
  • Judan - 10th level (red belt)

Deshi - Student.
Do - Path; way.
Dojo - A training hall for the martial arts.
Gi - Uniform.
Guruma - Wheel.
Hakama - Traditional Japanese style pants worn by the samurai and modern practitioners of some forms of budo.
Hanmai - The ready stance used to precede most techniques, also referred to as a "T" stance.
Hanshi - Master; a title given to practitioners at the rank of kudan.
Jin - Human beings.
Judo - Lit. "gentle way"; a modern sport developed from three styles of jujutsu by Dr. Jigaro Kano in the late 1800's and early 1900's.
Juji Ashi - Cross-over step.
Jujutsu - Lit. "gentle art"; an ancient system of self-defense used by the samurai for unarmed combat.
Kamae - Stance.
Karate - Lit. "empty hand"; an ancient system of martial arts developed by farmers and peasants for protection.
Ki - Internal energy; life force.
Kiai - A loud yell used to focus energy, stun an opponent, and clear the lungs of air.
Kokyu - Breath.
Kyoshi - Honored teacher; a title given to practitioners at the rank of shichidan.
Kuruma - Wheel.
Maai - Combative distance between practitioners.
Nage - Throw.
Obi - Belt.
O Kata - Lit. "great form"; the only fixed form used in Shindoryu. It contains the four pillars of all aikijutsu techniques.
Rei - bowing; used as a sign of respect to partners and seniors, much like a handshake or a salute.
Renshi - Proven teacher; a title given to practitioners at the rank of godan.
Shindoryu - Lit. "school of the new way"; a style of aikijutsu, founded in 1999.
Ten - Heaven.
Tori - Name referring to a partner who is performing a technique.
Tsugi Ashi - A step where one foot follows the other in a line.
Uke - Name referring to a partner who is receiving a technique.
Ukemi - The skill of falling and rolling properly to avoid injury.
Waza - Technique.